Crossick, Geoffrey and Heinz-Gerhard Haupt, The Petite Bourgeoisie in Europe 1780-1914 (London: Routledge, 1995)
"The Petite Bourgeoisie in Europe 1780-1914" is the first general study of the social, economic, cultural and political development of this ambiguous social group. Through comparative analysis, Geoffrey Crossick and Heinz-Gerhard Haupt examine issues such as the centrality of small enterprise to industrial change, the importance of family and locality, the search for stability with status, and the associated political move to the right. This invaluable and authoritative assessment ably explores the emergence of a distinctive petite-bourgeois cultural and political identity.
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